Lake District is a famous scenic region and park within the administrative county of Cumbria, England. It covers portions of the historic counties of Cumberland, Lancashire, and Westmorland. The park covers a neighborhood of 866 square miles (2,243 square km). It contains the principal English lakes, including the most important, Windermere, and therefore the highest English mountains, of which the loftiest is Scafell Pike. The famous lake-strewn valleys of the region radiate from a core of central mountains, thus making through routes difficult to determine but also contributing to the distinctive character that makes the entire Lake District attractive to tourists.
The geologic structure is essentially a dome, with hard, pre-Carboniferous rocks forming most of the principal summits, like Scafell Pike (3,210 feet [978 meters]), Sca Fell (3,162 feet), and Helvellyn (3,118 feet). To the north softer Ordovician rocks give more rounded hills, like Skiddaw (3,054 feet) and Saddleback (2,847 feet). within the south lower hills of Silurian slates and grits surround the lakes Windermere, Esthwaite Water, and Coniston Water. This structure has been influenced by glacial action that deepened existing valleys. And scooping out the rock basins that now contain the lakes. And also, by truncating former tributary valleys, creating a variety of “hanging valleys” with attractive waterfalls.
The area was long so it is isolated from the south and east
by moorlands, peat bogs, lakes, and forests. Two Roman roads were built across the region, and later Norse invasions resulted during a period of forest clearance. The Cistercian abbeys of Furness and Byland, exploiting the world for wool production, continued the method of deforestation, which was accelerated by ore smelting and later by the extraction of lead and copper. The state Forestry Commission has covered large areas with conifers but has agreed to go away the central fell (upland) area in its deforested state with fragmentary deciduous woodland. The Lake District became a park in 1951, and therefore the increased social mobility of the population of the economic regions of northern England has stimulated the tourist industry. The increased demand for water by industrial northwestern England has resulted within the use of Thirlmere Lake as a reservoir, precluding its use for recreation. Traditional sorts of extensive agriculture (cattle and sheep rearing) are intensified and include the assembly of milk and eggs. The Lake District was the house of Wordsworth, who was born at Cockermouth and is buried beside his sister and his wife in Grasmere churchyard. Since the first 19th century the region has had many other well-known literary visitors and residents.